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The denizens of the deep

What is life in the dark, deprived of light the depths of the ocean? The deeper one penetrates into the sea the daylight is, the faster it weakens. A traveler in the depths of the ocean V. Beebe writes that the water in the upper 50 m green color, at the depth of 60 m is greenish-blue or blue-green, 180 m in her clear blue color, at 300 m is a weak blackish-blue. Even at a depth of 580 m Bib caught the last traces of light. Various devices with photographic plates, and more precisely with the help of photomultiplier cameras detected that the light penetrates into the ocean to a depth of 1500 m. Deeper no devices it not get it. But animals and deeper 1500 m. They exist here in complete darkness, in which only here and there the glimmer of ghostly lights cold “living light”. Even on the biggest depth of about 11 thousand m — you can find animals. At this depth, they feel a tremendous pressure.

Life on the sea bottom at a depth of 3-5 m In the center — luminous brittle star hitching a ride, a spider crab and cancer munidopsis. For them. — animals leading a sedentary lifestyle, sea feathers. Top left — red crustacean shrimp.

The oceanic environment is called the realm of monotony. This is particularly true with respect to the depths of the ocean. Here in the water there are almost no oscillations of temperature and salinity. In the depths of the ocean and on its bottom life compared to being coastal in thousands and tens of thousands of times poorer. At the coast the number of benthic animals are often expressed by hundreds of grams or even a few kilograms per square metre of seabed. And in the depths of the ocean is equal to the number of sometimes only a few milligrams on the same area of bottom. The density of plankton in the coastal waters reaches hundreds, sometimes thousands of milligrams per 1 m 3. but in the depths it is limited to milligrams or even fractions of a milligram. This is primarily due to the abundance of food, at the coast and the lack of it in the depths of the ocean. Continue reading

To shop for fish

Today we find hypermarkets in the sale of a large quantity of chilled fish and seafood products from Greece, Spain, France, Morocco, Italy, Australia, etc. unfortunately, on sale there is very little domestic production. For example, I often ask this question. But, anyway, we have to prepare that offer. In almost every hypermarket you can buy Italian Dorado, French fish called sea bass, sea the Greek language, etc. How to cook “foreign” fish that it is useful, more about that later.

Sea language occurs most often. On sale are usually transported frozen or chilled. Often the fish is already cleaned and is offered as a fillet, which is very convenient.

Maritime language -a relative of the flounder. Body length up to 60 cm and weigh up to 4 kg. the sole is distributed in tropical and subtropical seas; some species enter rivers, are found in the seas of the Far East and the Black sea.

The sole is almost lean fish. can contain only 2% fat. Sole meat tender and tasty, highly valued by connoisseurs and lovers of fish. Bones in it quite a bit. The language of chefs advise you to cook tender burgers or frying fish in batter to preserve the juiciness of the meat.

Daradaily Sea bream – fish family sparovek, distributed mainly in tropical and subtropical parts of all oceans and adjacent seas, specifically in the Mediterranean and Adriatic seas. The weight of the Dorado ranged from 300 g to 4 kg, and length – from 25 to 40 cm is considered the Optimum weight of from 600 to 800 g: the meat of such fish is young and tender. Continue reading

Fishing

With age the fish get some “life experience”, which helps one to escape from enemies (anglers and predators), others of the predators to successfully hunt. Predatory fish, for example, invented different ways of fishing, your “jigs” and “spinners”. One such angler fish – marine fish-mouse – directly under the mouth is kind of “telescopic fishing rod” (Illicium), equipped with “mormyshka” – a brush of dark and Ryabykh skin outgrowths. Pulling a “lure”, the fish-mouse attracts curious victims to the jaws and grasp them with lightning speed.

Pike looks for food mostly by seeing it, her eyes are on the top of the head on this pike sees forward and upward. However, a pike and a sensitive olfactory apparatus. Thanks to the power of the body and jaws, great view of pike can eat almost everything, even carrion, which is especially important to learn for catching big pike!

Unlike many animals, who throughout life eat and live in a single biological niche, regardless of age and size, the pike during the growth shifts from one niche to another. In the process of growing the pike is changing the pattern of hunting and habitat in the reservoir (as well as most predatory fish).

Look for grayling should be open, shallow stretches with pebbly bottom between the rapids and shoals,where the grayling occupies a fossa near any shelters. Grayling lives in small groups, large specimens are kept more than alone. In addition grayling may indicate their presence, jumping out of the water for no apparent reason very highly. Need to behave as quietly as possible, especially on the rocky shore. On quiet evenings, when the air rises, the innumerable army of moths, mosquitoes and midges, grayling come out of the pits and cover the open space above the shoals, at the head of Islands and channels, to the banks with overhanging trees water and grass. Continue reading

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