Ventral fins far flatreleasedir pushed back from the chest. Rays in dorsal and anal fins not branched. A tubular snout. This includes family flatoril, svistunovich, bekirovich and krivopustova common in warm seas.
Family flatowallee (Aulostomidae)
Flatoril have an elongated body covered with small scales ctenoides. Ahead of the dorsal fin on the back has 8-12 isolated spines weak. The caudal fin is rounded. There is a barbel on the chin (PL. 44).
Widespread in the tropical seas of the Indian ocean, the Western Pacific (to Polynesia and southern Japan), and both shores of the Atlantic ocean. Found among the reefs, camouflaged being buried. General colour yellowish-brown, in young females and often with 3-6 longitudinal dark stripes. Reach a length of even 60 and 75cm. One known genus flatoril, or fish-pipe (Aulostumus), with four species.
Svistunova family (Fistulariidae)
Svistunovich the body greatly elongated, flattened. Dorsal fin located above anal, the rear quarters of the body, both fins have a triangular shape. The caudal fin is forked, but the two middle beam it to form a long tail thread. Snout long, tubular, used fish like changepicture pipette to capture food. Alternately expanding and narrowing the snout, the fish whistle quickly drawn into the mouth of small animals, which it feeds on ).
Fish whistle (Fistularia) is a coastal fish of the tropical seas. They are quite common in coral reefs where rare swim in flocks. Reach a length of 150–180cm.
Spotted whistle (F. tabacaria) has a reddish-brown back with a number of numerous blue spots on the sides. Found off of the American coast, from Brazil to Florida, and North and West Africa.
Rough whistle (F. villosa) brownish, monochrome. Her skin is covered with small spines along the middle line of the belly is narrow keeled scales. Because of its slim body mass with a length of 180cm a total of about 3.4 kg. it is Widely distributed near the shores of the Indian and Western Pacific ocean, in the sea of Japan.
Smooth whistle (F. petimba) has a smooth naked skin; brown-reddish, without spots, with two narrow longitudinal stripes along the back. Widespread in the Pacific and Indian oceans from California and Mexico to Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, Australia, and Southeast Africa.
Whistles often swim close to the bottom head down, rummaging through a long snout in the mud and among the sea grass in search of prey. Meat whistles eaten.
Family LP, or sea snipe (Macrorhamphosidae)
The body of the sea snipe compressed laterally. The snout is elongated into a long tube, with a small mouth at the end. One, very long, type the dorsal fin is directed backwards, towards the tail. Head and body covered with small rhombic scales (plates) with bent and directed back teeth (like a shark). Furthermore, under the skin there are large bone plate, partly hidden by the scales.
There are 4 genera and 11 species of sea snipe.
All types of sea snipes are small, their length not more than 30cm. Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of the oceans. Live at depths up to 600 m, usually 100-200 m. Some species are silvery, while others have color from bright red to pink. Vividly colored striped sea snipe (Centriscops obliquus) from the waters of Australia and New Zealand: he has beautiful orange-pink color with five oblique dark stripes on the body. In the aquarium it moves backwards as easily as forwards, and is usually kept upside down. In this respect, as in appearance, sea snipes resemble krivogastani (family Centriscidae).
Sea snipe – fish, nervous, easily excited; just enough to light the room where the aquarium, so she jumped out of the water, sometimes on the floor.
Widespread sea snipe (Macrorhamphosus scolopax) length 16cm found in warm waters in the East Atlantic ocean and the Mediterranean sea. The same species (or similar species) common in Japan and Korea. Places sea snipes form large flocks that are of interest to fisheries. In the southern hemisphere many snipes notepage (Notopogon).
Family krivorozhye, or krivobokova (Centriscidae)
Krivogastani – a kind of fish with a laterally compressed body enclosed in a bony carapace, with sharp as a knife with the bottom edge. Australian hence the name “fish-razor”. Snout long, tubular. The armor consists of thin plates of bone, fused with the ribs (like the top half, or carapace, carapace in turtles), the upper edge of its rear ends in a long stout spine. Two dorsal fins are shifted to the rear end of the body, are under the tongue and are directed downwards; the tail fin is also shifted and bent down.
Krivonozhko ordinary (Aeoliscus strigatus). At the top of krivogastani among the needles of sea urchins.
These fish move like seahorses, slightly moving its fins. They live in small flocks in shallow water and usually swim in a vertical position, as if standing on his tail or upside down. If they feel threatened, they turn to the enemy with a sharp belly. However, if they are really scared, then rushed away in a normal (for other fish) in a horizontal position. Meet krivogorsky in tropical waters the Pacific and Indian oceans, from Hawaii to East Africa; in the Atlantic they are not.
The collection brings together two of a kind, Aeoliscus and Centriscus), two species each.
Flocks of common krivogastani (Aeoliscus strigatus), like a few shrimp (sometimes they call them “fish-shrimp”), often hold vertically, head down, between the long needles of the sea urchin diadems (Diadema), protects them from attack by predators.