Marine life

Seahorse.This is a small marine teleost fish of the family of marine needles of the needle-like detachment. Seahorses have a sedentary lifestyle, they are attached flexible tails to the stalks of plants, and because of the numerous spines, spines on the body and iridescent colour — fully merge with the background. So they are protected from predators and camouflaged while hunting for food. Skates feed on small crustaceans and shrimp. Tubular snout acts as a pipette — extraction is drawn into the mouth along with water.The body of seahorses in the water is non-traditional fish vertically, or diagonally. The reason for this is relatively large swim bladder, most of which is located in the upper part of the body of a sea horse. The difference seahorses from other types is that their offspring carrying the male. On his stomach he has a special brood chamber in the form of the bag, which plays the role of the uterus. Seahorses are very prolific animals, and the number hatched in the bag the male germ varies from 2 to several thousand pieces. Birth males are often painful and can result in death.

Lionfish.Opens our rating of the most dangerous neobychainye depths and at the same time, amazing lionfish, also known as striped lionfish, or Zebra fish. This lovely creation is long about 30 inches most of the time among the corals in a stationary state, and only from time to time, swims from one place to another. Thanks to the beautiful and unusual color, and long fan-like pectoral and dorsal fins of this fish attracts attention, both people and marine life.However, for beauty of coloring and shape of her fin and hidden sharp poisonous needles, which it protects itself from enemies. The lionfish does not attack first, but if a person accidentally touches it or steps on it, from one injection that needle he has dramatically worse health. If there will be several injections, the person will need outside help, to swim to shore, because the pain can become unbearable and lead to loss of consciousness.

Marine life. Part 1

Leafy sea dragon.This representative of the deep is a relative of the previous member of the list – seahorse. Leafy sea dragon, the rag-picker or the sea Pegasus – this is an unusual fish, so named for its fantastic views is delicate translucent greenish fins covered his body and constantly swaying in the water movement. While these processes and similar to the fins in swimming they do not participate, and serve only to disguise. The length of this creature reaches 35 inches, and it dwells only in one place — at the southern coast of Australia. The rag-picker floats slowly, its maximum speed reaches 150 km/h. Also like seahorses, the males bear offspring in a special bag, produced during spawning along the lower surface of the tail. The female lays eggs in the bag and all the care of posterity falls on the dad.

This species of crustaceans of the infraorder crabs — one of the largest representatives of arthropods: large specimens are up to 20 kilos, 45 centimetres of carapace length and 4 m in the scope of the first pair of legs. Lives mainly in the Pacific ocean off the coast of Japan at a depth of from 50 to 300 meters. Feeds on shellfish and animal remains, presumably living up to 100 years. The survival rate for larvae is very small, so their females spawn more than 1.5 million In the process of evolution of the front two legs evolved into large claws that can reach a length of 40 centimeters. Despite this formidable weapon, the Japanese crab spider is not aggressive and has a calm nature. It is even used in aquariums as an ornamental animal.These big deep-sea crabs can grow over 50 cm in length. The largest registered instance has been weighing 1.7 kilograms and 76 centimeters in length. Their body is covered by rigid plates, which are gently combined with each other. This mount armor provides good mobility, so the giant isopod can curl into a ball when they feel the danger. Hard plate protect the body from cancer of deep-sea predators. Quite often they occur in English Blackpool, and in other places of the planet are not uncommon. These animals live at depths from 170 to 2 500 m. a Large part of the population prefers to keep at a depth of 360-750 meters.They prefer to live on the bottom of the clay alone. Isopods are carnivorous, may hunt slow prey at the bottom of the sea cucumbers, sponges, and possibly for small fish. And do not disdain carrion, which is lowered to the seabed from the surface. Because of food like this great depth is not always enough, and to find her in the pitch dark is no easy task, isopods have adapted a long time to do without food. We know exactly what cancer is able to starve 8 weeks in a row.

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